TECHNOLOGY APPLICATION GUIDE
Open Architecture Access Control
What is it?
Open architecture is a software architecture that is designed to make adding, upgrading and replacing components simple. The security industry has no set definition for open architecture which allows some manufacturers to state their products are “open” by simply making their products available for integration with others. To support a true open architecture, manufacturers must be compliant with a set of industry-accepted standards or specifications, or have a publicly published protocol that anyone can use.
Why is it important?
End users are driving the industry away from closed proprietary systems to open architecture for many reasons.
- Interoperability enables the seamless connection of multiple components and system software platforms without integration.
- A single user interface simplifies the management of platforms and speeds the sharing of data from multiple devices for faster and proactive responses to security threats.
- Choice of best-of-breed components and software, in order to design a system that matches the needs of the end user.
- Lifecycle management, to replace or upgrade components as needs change or as technology changes.
- Lower costs, both from a deployment and integration standpoint, as well as more simplified management of the security system allowing for lower personnel costs.
End users expect a basic level of interoperability between access control systems and video management systems (VMS). The access control system pushes events and controls to the VMS, where they are logged, so alarms can be viewed alongside video.
Additional design considerations include:
- Interoperability with both perimeter and building intrusion detection systems, as well as the VMS and access control systems, to address incidents and events faster.
- Greater flexibility through access control software that works with multiple door and intrusion controllers simultaneously.
- VMS capability to accept information from multiple access control systems, display events and alarms and control basic operations (e.g. locking or unlocking doors).
- Access control interoperability with wireless intelligent door hardware, including IEEE 802.11 2.4GHz Wi-Fi, Assa Abloy Aperio™, IEEE 802.15.4 ZigBee, and 900MHz wireless.
For standards requirements, access control hardware and software should support:
- ONVIF Profile C (door controller)
- OSDP version 2 (door controllers and card readers)
- ODBC (software)
Standards and Specifications
ONVIF Profile C & A
Open Network Video Interface Forum
While still in development, there are a few companies that are producing door controllers that are compliant with this specification.
Open Supervised Device Protocol
The communication from the reader to the control panel is bidirectional and encrypted, allowing for supervision of the reader and the secure transmission of data.
Open Database Connectivity
Is an API for accessing database management systems and is important if you want the HR system to share information with your access control system.
Application Programming Interface
A publicly published protocol detailing how to integrate to hardware or software components that anyone can use. Some manufacturers may share their “open” API selectively – in these cases, that is not considered open.
Open Architecture Security Solution
Open architecture, while new to the security industry, is growing with end users. Anixter can provide options for open architecture systems that can be deployed for any size business or environment. Contact an Anixter security expert or your local Anixter sales rep to determine the right solution for your needs.